Lucifer

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5 definitions found

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:

 Lucifer Lu"ci*fer, n. [L., bringing light, n., the morning
    star, fr. lux, lucis, light + ferre to bring.]
    1. The planet Venus, when appearing as the morning star; --
       applied in Isaiah by a metaphor to a king of Babylon.
             How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of
             the morning ! how art thou cut down to the ground
             which didst weaken the nations !      --Is. xiv. 12.
             Tertullian and Gregory the Great understood this
             passage of Isaiah in reference to the fall of Satan;
             in consequence of which the name Lucifer has since
             been applied to, Satan.               --Kitto.
    2. Hence, Satan.
             How wretched Is that poor man that hangs on princes'
             favors! . . . When he falls, he falls like Lucifer,
             Never to hope again.                  --Shak.
    3. A match made of a sliver of wood tipped with a combustible
       substance, and ignited by friction; -- called also
       {lucifer match}, and {locofoco}. See {Locofoco}.
    4. (Zo["o]l.) A genus of free-swimming macruran Crustacea,
       having a slender body and long appendages.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:

 Venus Ve"nus, n. [L. Venus, -eris, the goddess of love, the
    planet Venus.]
    1. (Class. Myth.) The goddess of beauty and love, that is,
       beauty or love deified.
    2. (Anat.) One of the planets, the second in order from the
       sun, its orbit lying between that of Mercury and that of
       the Earth, at a mean distance from the sun of about
       67,000,000 miles. Its diameter is 7,700 miles, and its
       sidereal period 224.7 days. As the morning star, it was
       called by the ancients {Lucifer}; as the evening star,
       {Hesperus}.
    3. (Alchem.) The metal copper; -- probably so designated from
       the ancient use of the metal in making mirrors, a mirror
       being still the astronomical symbol of the planet Venus.
       [Archaic]
    4. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of numerous species of marine bivalve
       shells of the genus {Venus} or family {Venerid[ae]}. Many
       of these shells are large, and ornamented with beautiful
       frills; others are smooth, glossy, and handsomely colored.
       Some of the larger species, as the round clam, or quahog,
       are valued for food.
    {Venus's basin} (Bot.), the wild teasel; -- so called because
       the connate leaf bases form a kind of receptacle for
       water, which was formerly gathered for use in the toilet.
       Also called {Venus's bath}.
    {Venus's basket} (Zo["o]l.), an elegant, cornucopia-shaped,
       hexactinellid sponge ({Euplectella speciosa}) native of
       the East Indies. It consists of glassy, transparent,
       siliceous fibers interwoven and soldered together so as to
       form a firm network, and has long, slender, divergent
       anchoring fibers at the base by means of which it stands
       erect in the soft mud at the bottom of the sea. Called
       also {Venus's flower basket}, and {Venus's purse}.
    {Venus's comb}.
       (a) (Bot.) Same as {Lady's comb}.
       (b) (Zo["o]l.) A species of {Murex} ({M. tenuispinus}). It
           has a long, tubular canal, with a row of long, slender
           spines along both of its borders, and rows of similar
           spines covering the body of the shell. Called also
           {Venus's shell}.
    {Venus's fan} (Zo["o]l.), a common reticulated, fanshaped
       gorgonia ({Gorgonia flabellum}) native of Florida and the
       West Indies. When fresh the color is purple or yellow, or
       a mixture of the two.
    {Venus's flytrap}. (Bot.) See {Flytrap}, 2.
    {Venus's girdle} (Zo["o]l.), a long, flat, ribbonlike, very
       delicate, transparent and iridescent ctenophore ({Cestum
       Veneris}) which swims in the open sea. Its form is due to
       the enormous development of two spheromeres. See Illust.
       in Appendix.
    {Venus's hair} (Bot.), a delicate and graceful fern
       ({Adiantum Capillus-Veneris}) having a slender, black and
       shining stem and branches.
    {Venus's hair stone} (Min.), quartz penetrated by acicular
       crystals of rutile.
    {Venus's looking-glass} (Bot.), an annual plant of the genus
       {Specularia} allied to the bellflower; -- also called
       {lady's looking-glass}.
    {Venus's navelwort} (Bot.), any one of several species of
       {Omphalodes}, low boraginaceous herbs with small blue or
       white flowers.
    {Venus's pride} (Bot.), an old name for Quaker ladies. See
       under {Quaker}.
    {Venus's purse}. (Zo["o]l.) Same as {Venus's basket}, above.


    {Venus's shell}. (Zo["o]l.)
       (a) Any species of Cypr[ae]a; a cowrie.
       (b) Same as {Venus's comb}, above.
       (c) Same as {Venus}, 4.
    {Venus's slipper}.
       (a) (Bot.) Any plant of the genus {Cypripedium}. See
           {Lady's slipper}.
       (b) (Zo["o]l.) Any heteropod shell of the genus
           {Carinaria}. See {Carinaria}.

From WordNet (r) 2.0 [wn]:

 Lucifer
      n 1: (Judeo-Christian and Islamic religions) chief spirit of evil
           and adversary of God; tempter of mankind; master of Hell
           [syn: {Satan}, {Old Nick}, {Devil}, {the Devil}, {Beelzebub},
            {the Tempter}, {Prince of Darkness}]
      2: lighter consisting of a thin piece of wood or cardboard
         tipped with combustible chemical; ignites with friction;
         "he always carries matches to light his pipe" [syn: {match},
          {friction match}]

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary [easton]:

 Lucifer
    brilliant star, a title given to the king of Babylon (Isa.
    14:12) to denote his glory.


From Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary (late 1800's) [hitchcock]:

 Lucifer, bringing light

<flickr limit=6>Lucifer</flickr>